Top 10 Key Factors to Consider In Warehouse Layout Design

While designing a warehouse, you should put much emphasis on achieving optimum storage abilities. We have listed herein some of the factors that will enable the construction of a very profitable facility.
pallet racking types

Flow

Your storehouse must be designed to allow for free movement of products. We have activities that precede another in the warehouse. All the closely related activities, or events that precede one another, must be placed together conveniently. This process is to avoid time wastage. You must consider having a system with minimum clashes, which has a very smooth flow of goods, traffics, and people. A design that can achieve and maintain good flow also serves to provide convenience in accessing products.

Accessibility

warehouse layoutWe are not just focusing on whether or not we can access the product. We want to get products in the required amount. Constructing your warehouse in a design that can allow easy access of every pallet is very essential. The layout should provide not only access of the pallet in arrow but also individual pallets. The whole space in the warehouse must be put into proper use to give quick access to items. For pharmaceutical product, the arrangement of the goods on the shelf should be in a friendly manner to facilitate fast and easy identification, along with removal from the shelf.

Space

While designing a warehouse, we put much emphasis on the storage and processing space. Space allocated for processing and storage activities should be more compared to space left for other minor activities. In your design, consider the current trends. Nowadays, the technology provides equipment, which can stand alone, and does not require wall support. That means you do not have to construct a durable wall, just put up a flexible wall that you can change it if need be. You will also discover it is cheaper to build such a wall and easy to go with the current changes.

Throughput

Here, we are looking at the type of the product and the speed at which it flows through the system. We are watching the handling of the goods. Check all the factors that will impact on the rate at which the product moves in the system. Some of the factors, in this case, include bulk, fragility, and flexibility. Any warehouse layout can be a perfect design if it achieves an optimum throughput. Try to optimise the volume of products moving through the warehouse on a daily basis at all times. Your storage design layout should offer enough space for workers and machinery to get the greatest throughput possible.

Local authority plans

We have several rules and laws provided by the government that will determine how you design layout. It is important that you comply with state rules. They are always enacted to ensure the safety of every worker in the warehouse. For example, during construction that entails additional up-floor (mezzanine), you must first prioritise the safety of the workers. In case designers are not observant of the laws given by the government, they risk being fined or jailed. Every layout design, whether small or large, has a specified method stated clearly and explained by the local authorities on how they should be done.

Site details

The characteristics of the particular place (site) will determine the final layout design. The topography of the site, along with other factors, including drainage and ground status will decide the designing. You must have a layout that proves to stand firm on the situated place. For example, if the area is poorly drained, flooded water can negate the integrity of all the products, which are water sensitive. The warehouse must be specially designed with a raised floor to protect all the items.

Financial consideration

Before setting up on a particular design layout, consider the amount of money at hand. You must make sufficient budget that will facilitate the construction from the foundation up to roofing. Do not to engage in a project that may fail on the way. Some of the design layouts are more expensive than others. Consider a layout, which is economically friendly. In most cases, a costly solution will automatically result in profitable production. Other factors including management and work coordination are involved in achieving the optimum productivity.

Building factors

An existing building can determine a design layout. In some circumstances, an owner might decide to improvise an existing building, to change it into a warehouse. In such an event, owners must ensure that the building meets almost all the necessary requirements. It should be spacious and safe. All in all, existing building significantly affects the design layout; and it is evident that it will not completely match an ideal warehouse design. The chances are that it will be attached to very many controversies.
Also, the design layout is affected by close buildings. Other neighbouring buildings might have been constructed with protruding structures that eat into the space belonging to the expected warehouse structure. In such conditions, the storage design layout must adopt some carvings to fit into the surroundings.

Movement of people and equipment

Humans are the controller of every activity taking placed in the storehouse. They must be taken care of in the design. If your warehouse is to accommodate a lot of people, it must have a design layout that guarantees space and micro roads for smooth movement of people around. For proper management and control of equipment, the design must be both safe and accommodating. Also, the place should enable efficient hardware movement. Forklifts should be moved with less difficulty from one location to another.

Cube design

People are adopting the cube design since it proves to be more efficient and profitable. Due to their manageability, this design enables optimum utilisation of all the spaces available.

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